The Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan is located near the Syr Darya River and the city of Tyuratam (in fact, the city of Baikonur is 380km away). Founded in 1955, it is the launch site for the spacecrafts of the former Soviet Union, now Russia. Above left, site facilities. The city of Leninsk, now renamed Baikonur, home nearly 75,000 residents.
Russian automatic spacecraft for the exploration of celestial bodies in the solar system, especially to Venus Venera are launched from Baikonur.